Table 1

Comparison of healthcare practitioners undergoing CIM treatments using emotional-spiritual keywords* in their reflective narratives and those who did not

CharacteristicsTotal cohortNot using the keywordsUsing the keywordsP value
N=181n=62n=119
Age
 Mean±SD (median)36.8±9.539.7±10.335.2±8.70.002
Gender/sex
 Female109 (60.2)41 (66.1)68 (57.1)0.241
Primary language
 Hebrew51 (29.0)14 (23.3)37 (31.9)0.235
 Arab83 (47.2)31 (51.7)52 (44.8)0.389
 Russian40 (22.7)15 (25.0)25 (21.6)0.647
 Other2 (1.1)02 (1.7)
Familial status
 Single65 (36.1)18 (29.0)47 (39.8)0.152
Residence
 Haifa66 (39.1)18 (32.7)48 (42.1)0.242
Profession
 Physician57 (31.5)14 (22.6)43 (36.1)0.062
 Nurse90 (49.7)31 (50.0)59 (49.6)0.957
 Other34 (18.8)17 (27.4)17 (14.3)0.032
Original department
 Internal medicine82 (54.7)24 (49.0)58 (57.4)0330
 ICU37 (24.7)14 (28.6)23 (22.8)0.440
 Others31 (20.7)11 (22.4)20 (19.8)0.707
Weekly hours in COVID-19
 Mean±SD (median)40.4±15.739.1±13.041.1±17.00.428
Ever diagnosed with COVID-19?
 Yes8 (16.1)7 (11.3)21 (17.6)0.262
Prior CAM use
 Yes95 (52.5)35 (56.5)60 (50.4)0.441
Referral source
 Secretary87 (66.9)27 (69.2)60 (65.9)0.714
 Physician30 (23.1)10 (25.6)20 (22.0)0.650
 Nurse13 (10.0)2 (5.1)11 (12.1)0.342
Leading concerns at baseline
 Emotional119 (65.7)31 (50.0)88 (73.9)0.001
 Pain102 (56.4)39 (62.9)63 (52.9)0.200
 Fatigue72 (39.8)30 (48.4)42 (35.3)0.088
 Insomnia16 (8.8)4 (6.5)12 (10.1)0.414
 Dyspnoea6 (3.3)4 (6.5)2 (1.7)0.183
 Gastrointestinal4 (2.2)1 (1.6)3 (2.5)0.99
Baseline well-being2.51±1.32.46±1.42.54±1.30.848
 Mean±SD (median)3 (1, 3)3 (1, 3)3 (2, 3)
Number of IM treatments
 Only 1 (vs >1)76 (42.0)25 (40.3)51 (42.9)0.743
Integrative modalities practised during the first session
 Touch-movement167 (94.4)58 (95.1)109 (94.0)0.99
 Acupuncture137 (77.4)41 (67.2)96 (82.8)0.019
 Mind-body105 (59.3)33 (54.1)72 (62.1)0.305
 Anthroposophic medicine41 (23.3)15 (24.6)26 (22.7)0.448
  • *Based on the Measure Yourself Concerns and Wellbeing (MYCAW) questionnaire.

  • CAM, Complementary and Alternative medicine; CIM, complementary and integrative medicine; ICU, Intensive Care Unit; IM, Integrative Medicine.