Table 2

Characteristics of patients with cancer and non-cancer patients

CharacteristicPatients no. (%)P value*
Non-cancer (n=1205)Cancer (n=7669)
Basic demographics
Age, mean (SD), years69 (21)64 (15)<0.001
Gender<0.001
Male673 (55.9)4695 (61.2)
Female532 (44.1)2974 (38.8)
DNR document signing<0.001
Before care900 (80.7)3576 (58.9)
After care215 (19.3)2495 (41.1)
ECOG performance<0.001
0–27 (0.8)278 (5.4)
3–4920 (99.2)4859 (94.6)
Group<0.001
HSC1088 (90.3)5988 (78.1)
HIC47 (3.9)871 (11.4)
HHC70 (5.8)810 (10.6)
Length of HSC (days), mean (SD)10 (11)12 (14)<0.001
Length of HIC (days), mean (SD)10 (11)11 (11)0.154
Length of HHC (days), mean (SD)149 (211)64 (103)<0.001
Symptoms score
Pain<0.001
0–3996 (96.0)4482 (86.8)
4–629 (2.8)529 (10.2)
7–1012 (1.2)155 (3.0)
Dyspnoea<0.001
0168 (15.3)1259 (24.0)
1–2328 (29.8)2291 (43.6)
3–4603 (54.9)1701 (32.4)
Dysphagia<0.001
0122 (11.4)1143 (22.6)
1–2119 (11.1)1561 (30.9)
3–4828 (77.5)2350 (46.5)
Incontinence<0.001
0228 (21.6)1900 (38.4)
1–268 (6.4)880 (17.8)
3–4761 (72.0)2165 (43.8)
Psychosocial/spiritual issues
Awareness of diagnosis (patient)<0.001
Well known406 (36.4)4501 (78.4)
Partial101 (9.1)529 (9.2)
Unknown607 (54.5)708 (12.3)
Awareness of prognosis (patient)<0.001
Well known260 (23.4)3052 (53.4)
Partial189 (17.0)1782 (31.2)
Unknown661 (59.5)885 (15.5)
Psychosocial issues (patient)<0.001
Yes518 (43.0)4227 (55.1)
No687 (57.0)3442 (44.9)
Psychosocial issues (family)<0.001
Yes1061 (88.0)5077 (66.2)
No144 (12.0)2592 (33.8)
Spiritual issues (patient)<0.001
Yes152 (12.6)1865 (24.3)
No1053 (87.4)5804 (75.7)
Spiritual issues (family)<0.001
Yes853 (70.8)3449 (45.0)
No352 (29.2)4220 (55.0)
  • *Statistical tests performed: Kruskal-Wallis test; Fisher’s exact test for count data with simulated p value (based on 2000 replicates).

  • HSC, hospice share care; HIC, hospice inpatient care; HHC, hospice home care; DNR, do not resuscitation; ECOG, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group.