Table 1

Cohort characteristics

CharacteristicExposure group*Non-exposure group†Overall
Age
 Mean (range)72 (19–101)74 (19–104)73 (19–104)
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Overall no. of decedents 16 967 (39)26 100 (61)43 067 (100)
Sex
 Male9110 (54)15 452 (59)24 562 (57)
 Female7857 (46)10 648 (41)18 505 (43)
Most prevalent cancer types
 Genitourinary tract cancer3851 (23)6432 (25)10 283 (24)
 Lung cancer3525 (21)6169 (24)9694 (23)
 Colorectal cancer2601 (15)3277 (13)5878 (14)
 Breast cancer1537 (9)2317 (9)3854 (9)
  • *Palliative care initiated >30 days before death.

  • †Palliative care initiated ≤30 days before death or not at all.