Table 2

Comparison of the change in ESAS scores at Minute 0 and Minute 20 within the control group and 20 min mindful breathing group (Wilcoxon signed-rank test)

Control group (n =20)Median (IQR)ZP value
T0T20
Pain1.0 (5)2.0 (5)−1.4330.152
Tiredness5.0 (4)5.0 (4)−0.4740.635
Drowsiness4.0 (4)5.0 (4)−0.6560.512
Nausea0.0 (1)0.0 (1)−0.2130.832
Lack of appetite4.0 (6)3.5 (7)−0.9160.36
Shortness of breath0.0 (5)0.5 (4)−0.750.453
Depression3.0 (5)2.0 (5)−1.9050.057
Anxiety3.0 (4)3.0 (5)00.999
Well-being5.0 (5)4.5 (6)−0.3140.754
Total score28.7 (7.2)29.0 (12.3)0.1450.886
  • ESAS, Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale.