Table 2

Comparison of the characteristics of responding UK palliative care services that encountered patients or families with COVID-19 from ethnic minority groups and those of services that did not

UK services that supported ethnic minority groups
n (%)*
UK services that did not support ethnic minority groups
n (%)*
χ2 analysis with P value
Total responses93 (36.6)161 (63.4)
UK regions
England
 North East and Yorkshire8 (23.5)26 (76.5)
 North West10 (30.3)23 (69.7)
 Midlands10 (41.7)14 (58.3)
 London and East England44 (81.5)10 (18.5)
 South East and South West13 (21.3)48 (78.7)
 Missing8 (16.7)40 (83.3)
 Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland8 (17.4)38 (82.6)
 Missing4 (100)
Setting†
Inpatient hospice palliative care team
 No58 (56.9)44 (43.1)
 Yes35 (23)117 (77)χ2=30.11, p<0.001
Hospital palliative care team
 No33 (25.2)98 (74.8)
 Yes60 (48.8)63 (51.2)χ2=15.21, p<0.001
Home palliative care team
 No50 (45.9)59 (54.1)
 Yes43 (29.7)102 (70.3)χ2=7.05, p=0.008
Home nursing team
 No67 (39.4)103 (60.6)
 Yes26 (31)58 (69)χ2=1.73, p=0.19
Type of management
Charitable/non-profit33 (24.3)103 (75.7)
Public57 (57.6)42 (42.4)
Private/other2 (13.3)13 (86.7)
Missing1 (25)3 (75)
Patients
Adult only87 (38.3)140 (61.7)
Children only1 (6.7)14 (93.3)
Both3 (30)7 (70)
Missing2 (100)
Approximate number of confirmed COVID-19 cases per service
Median (IQR)50 (12.8, 90)7.5 (3, 20)
Total88124
Missing537
Approximate number of suspected COVID-19 cases per service
Median (IQR)15 (10, 30)6 (3, 18.5)
Total71118
Missing2243
Disease severity
Patients who are severely ill or dying due mainly to COVID-19 but without pre-existing illnesses or comorbidities.60 (55.6%)48 (44.4%)
Patients with pre-existing illnesses/comorbidities as well as COVID-19 who are severely ill or dying not previously known to palliative care.77 (41.4%)109 (58.6%)
Patients already known to service who now have COVID-19.58 (46%)68 (54%)
  • *n of value and corresponding percentages are presented, unless otherwise indicated.

  • †Services could tick more than one category if applicable.