Table 1

Characteristics of the study population

OverallIllness trajectory
CancerOrgan failureProlonged dwindlingSudden death
Decedents, no.77 31523 21328 33820 0645700
Sex, no. (%)
Men36 245 (46.9)12 413 (53.5)13 712 (48.4)7283 (36.3)2837 (49.8)
Women41 070 (53.1)10 800 (46.5)14 626 (51.6)12 781 (63.7)2863 (50.2)
Age at time of death, years
Median (P25–P75)85.2 (77.7–90.7)80.7 (73.7–87)85.5 (78.3–90.8)88.6 (83.3–93.0)85.8 (77.6–91.3)
No. (%)
 65–74 years14 140 (18.3)6797 (29.3)4804 (17.0)1427 (7.1)1112 (19.5)
 75–84 years23 993 (31.0)8706 (37.5)8720 (30.8)4997 (24.9)1570 (27.5)
 85–94 years32 527 (42.1)6991 (30.1)12 433 (43.9)10 647 (53.1)2456 (43.1)
 95 years and older6655 (8.6)719 (3.1)2381 (8.4)2993 (14.9)562 (9.9)
Level of education, no. (%)
 Primary education35 013 (45.3)9119 (39.3)13 503 (47.6)9769 (48.7)2622 (46.0)
 Secondary education31 443 (40.7)10 365 (44.7)11 175 (39.4)7645 (38.1)2258 (39.6)
 Tertiary education9249 (12.0)3352 (14.4)3002 (10.6)2197 (10.9)698 (12.2)
Missing1610 (2.1)377 (1.6)658 (2.3)453 (2.3)122 (2.1)
Marital status, no. (%)
 Married25 368 (32.8)10 191 (43.9)8406 (29.7)5149 (25.7)1622 (28.5)
 Single/divorced19 067 (24.7)5826 (25.1)7493 (26.4)4123 (20.5)1625 (28.5)
 Widowed32 880 (42.5)7196 (31.0)12 439 (43.9)10 792 (53.8)2453 (43.0)
Frailty Risk Score
Median (P25–P75)2.5 (0.0–6.7)1.4 (0.0–4.7)2.6 (0.0–6.7)4.3 (0.8–9.9)1.8 (0.0–5.4)
No. (%)
 Low51 552 (66.7)17 716 (76.3)18 839 (66.5)10 853 (54.1)4144 (72.7)
 Moderate14 210 (18.4)3456 (14.9)5598 (19.8)4237 (21.1)919 (16.1)
 High11 553 (14.9)2041 (8.8)3901 (13.8)4974 (24.8)637 (11.2)
Number of chronic diseases
Median (P25–P75)4 (2–7)4 (2–6)5 (3–8)4 (2–6)3 (2–6)
No. (%)
 None5012 (6.5)1480 (6.4)1525 (5.4)1331 (6.6)676 (11.9)
 One7725 (10.0)2455 (10.6)2231 (7.9)2323 (11.6)716 (12.6)
 Two8940 (11.6)2917 (12.6)2538 (9.0)2736 (13.6)749 (13.1)
 Three9418 (12.2)3100 (13.4)2835 (10.0)2771 (13.8)712 (12.5)
 Four9155 (11.8)2913 (12.5)3105 (11.0)2478 (12.4)659 (11.6)
 Five or more37 065 (47.9)10 348 (44.6)16 104 (56.8)8425 (42.0)2188 (38.4)
Number of drugs
Median (P25–P75)5 (3–8)5 (2–7)6 (4–9)5 (3–8)4 (2–7)
No. (%)
 0–431 964 (41.3)11 469 (49.4)9556 (33.7)8009 (39.9)2930 (51.4)
 5–934 376 (44.5)9188 (39.6)13 267 (46.8)9669 (48.2)2252 (39.5)
 ≥1010 975 (14.2)2556 (11.0)5515 (19.5)2386 (11.9)518 (9.1)