Table 2

Awareness and experience regarding ACP (N=1120)

n (%)
Do you know about ways you can plan for your future medical care and what would happen if you could not make decisions or speak for yourself?
Yes611 (54.6)
No509 (45.4)
Had heard about ACP prior to the survey
Yes431 (38.5)
No689 (61.5)
Source of learning or hearing about ACP (n=431)
Healthcare professional (eg, nurse, general practitioner)173 (40.1)
Family or friends262 (60.8)
Traditional media (television, radio, newspaper, magazines, flyers/brochures/booklets, signs/billboards)128 (29.7)
New media (social media, eg, Facebook and Twitter, website, and smartphone apps)74 (17.2)
Legal practitioner70 (16.2)
Financial planner31 (7.2)
An event20 (4.6)
Other94 (21.8)
If knew about ways to plan for future medical care, ever had a discussion about ACP (n=611)
Yes267 (43.7)
No344 (56.3)
Discussed ACP with (n=267)
Your family211 (79.0)
Friends64 (24.0)
Health professionals75 (28.1)
Legal practitioner42 (15.7)
Other/unclear (eg, financial advisor/planner)6 (2.2)
Outcome(s) after the ACP discussion (n=267)
Told my family, friends or doctor about medical treatments I would or would not want if I could no longer tell them163 (61.0)
Completed a document outlining my future medical treatment and care preferences in writing82 (30.7)
Completed a form appointing someone to make medical decisions on my behalf in case I could no longer tell them in the future73 (27.3)
Completed at least one type of ACP documentation listed above (either to document their future treatment preferences or to appoint an SDM)117 (43.8)
Decided not to complete advance care planning31 (11.6)
Other15 (5.6)
Ever been involved in a discussion with your family, friends or other people about their preferences regarding advance care planning (only asked if previously had a discussion about ACP, n=267)
Yes230 (85.9)
No37 (14.1)
  • ACP, advance care planning; SDM, substitute decision-maker.