Table 2

Breakdown of PG-SGA scores according to patient characteristics (including weight loss), tumour and treatment characteristics

PG-SGA scoreAll (n=96)0–1 score (n=2)2–3 score (n=19)4–8 score (n=25)>9 score (n=50)
Intervention requiredNo intervention requiredEducation needed by dietitian, nurse or clinicianRequires intervention by dietitian in conjunction with nurse or physician as indicated by symptoms (Box 3)Critical need for nutrition intervention and symptom management
CharacteristicValue
Age (years), median (IQR)68 (42–83)60 (55–65)67 (42–81)69 (45–82)70 (48–83)
Gender, n (%)
 Men56 (58)1 (50)14 (74)13 (52)28 (56)
 Women40 (42)1 (50)5 (26)12 (48)22 (44)
ECOG performance status, n (%)
 0–172 (75)2 (100)18 (95)17 (68)35 (70)
 220 (21)0 (0)1 (5)7 (28)12 (24)
 32 (2)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)2 (4)
 Not stated2 (2)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)2 (4)
Tumour type, n (%)
 Squamous cell carcinoma23 (24)1 (50)3 (16)5 (20)14 (28)
 Adenocarcinoma68 (71)1 (50)15 (79)20 (80)32 (64)
 Non-small cell NOS5 (5)0 (0)1 (5)0 (0)4 (8)
First treatment, n (%)
 Chemotherapy53 (55)0 (0)9 (47)19 (76)25 (50)
 Immunotherapy27 (28)2 (100)5 (26)1 (4)19 (38)
 Combination chemotherapy/immunotherapy5 (5)0 (0)3 (16)2 (8)0 (0)
 Tyrosine kinase inhibitors11 (12)0 (0)2 (11)3 (12)6 (12)
Anthropometry
 BMI (kg/m²)25.72027.625.425.3
 Average self-reported weight Loss (%) (IQR)4.1 (0–23.2)0 (0–0)0.3 (0–3.2)2.4 (0–12.3)6.7 (0–23.2)
PG-SGA category, n (%)
 Well nourished
 (global rating A)
29 (30)2 (100)19 (100)8 (32)0 (0)
 Mild to moderate malnutrition (global rating B)49 (51)0 (0)0 (0)17 (68)32 (64)
 Severely malnourished
 (global rating C)
18 (19)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)18 (36)
Average no of symptoms affecting intake200.10.523.7
  • BMI, body mass index; ECOG, Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group; NOS, not otherwise specified; PG-SGA, Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment.