Table 1

Patient characteristics (n=2329)

Patient characteristicsPeople aged 65–84 years (n=1126)P value*People aged 85 years and older (n=1203)P value*
Belgium (n=718)Italy
(n=254)
Spain
(n=154)
Belgium (n=690)Italy
(n=342)
Spain
(n=171)
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
Mean age at death (SD)76.7 (5.7)77.7 (5.3)77.3 (5.5)0.08090.1 (4.2)90.5 (4.0)90.7 (4.3)0.140
Gender, female337 (47.1)123 (49.2)55 (35.7) 0.020 462 (67.2)230 (68.0)103 (60.2)0.320
Dementia diagnosis
 None467 (69.5)182 (72.2)130 (86.1) 0.003 328 (50.2)164 (48.8)87 (52.1)0.799
 Mild83 (12.4)35 (13.9)13 (8.6)136 (20.8)79 (23.5)39 (23.4)
 Severe122 (18.2)35 (13.9)8 (5.3)190 (29.1)93 (27.7)41 (24.6)
Longest place of residence in the last year of life
 At home515 (77.3)231 (92.0)136 (92.5) 0.000 290 (45.0)300 (88.2)129 (75.9) 0.000
 Care home†151 (22.7)20 (8.0)11 (7.5)354 (55.0)40 (11.8)41 (24.1)
Main cause of death
 Cancer348 (51.4)121 (50.2)104 (68.0) 0.015 160 (24.4)53 (15.6)39 (22.8) 0.014
 Cardiovascular disease89 (13.1)40 (16.6)14 (9.2)172 (26.2)126 (37.1)45 (26.3)
 Nervous system disease75 (11.1)21 (8.7)7 (4.6)75 (11.4)32 (9.4)21 (12.3)
 Respiratory disease54 (8.0)26 (10.8)6 (3.9)72 (11.0)43 (12.6)9 (5.3)
 Stroke (CVA)39 (5.8)12 (5.0)3 (2.0)61 (9.3)34 (10.0)18 (10.5)
 Other72 (10.6)21 (8.7)19 (12.4)116 (17.7)52 (15.3)39 (22.8)
  • People aged 65–84 years: Missing data, n (%): gender, 6 (0.5), dementia diagnosis, 51 (4.5), longest place of residence in the last year of life, 62 (5.5), main cause of death, 55 (4.9).

  • People aged 85 years and older: Missing data, n (%): gender, 7 (0.6), dementia diagnosis, 46 (3.8), longest place of residence in the last year of life, 49 (4.1), main cause of death, 36 (3.0).

  • *Tested for differences between countries using generalised linear mixed models to account for clustering at general practitioner level.

  • †Includes care/nursing homes, ‘elswhere’ not included in the analysis.

  • CVA, cerebrovascular accident; SD, standard deviation .