Table 1

COVID19 symptoms in decedents and survivors

ISS (Italy)7 n=6801Guan et al 11 n=1099Deng et al 8 n=225Zhou et al 14 n=191Wang et al 15 n=138Liu et al 16 n=137Xu et al 17 n=62Yang et al 9 n=52Huang et al 18 n=41Chang et al 19 n=13
Breathlessness/dyspnoea71%18%45%No data31%19%No data64%55%No data
Cough40%68%38%79%59%48%81%77%76%46%
Diarrhoea6%4%15%5%10%8%8%No data3%8%
ExpectorationNo data34%22%23%27%4%56%No data38%No data
FatigueNo data38%No data23%70%32%52%*20%†44%*No data
Haemoptysis1%1%3%No dataNo data5%3%No data8%No data
MyalgiaNo data15%25%15%35%32%52%*12%44%23%
Nausea/vomitingNo data5%No data4%14%‡No dataNo data4%No dataNo data
PalpitationsNo dataNo data11%No dataNo data7%No dataNo dataNo dataNo data
Upper airway congestionNo data5%No dataNo dataNo dataNo dataNo data6%No data62%
  • *Huang et al, Liu et al and Xu et al list myalgia or fatigue.

  • †Listed as ‘malaise’ in Yang et al.

  • ‡Wang et al list nausea and vomiting separately.