Table 2

Overview of thematic categories (n=10)

ThemeTotal studies within theme (n=184)Description
Death and dying13Outputs focusing on issues relating to death and dying—including assisted dying—from a palliative care perspective
Education12Outputs focused on palliative care teaching, training, education and curricula
Ethics3Outputs examining ethical issues relevant to palliative care, such as decision-making, research practice and attitudes
Evaluation53Outputs conducted performing evaluations of palliative care interventions, including service models, models of clinical practice, pharmaceutical interventions, clinical tools, patient outcome measurement tools etc
Law1Outputs reporting legal issues and legislation in palliative care, either specific to palliative care or generic legislation that is relevant to aspects of palliative care
Methodological2Outputs reporting on issues relating to methodology in palliative care research, including methodological challenges and opportunities in palliative care research
Policy27Outputs reporting policy-level issues relevant to; standards, opioid availability, human rights, consensus building and international organisation guidance etc
Services and settings28Outputs reporting different palliative care services around the world in terms of models and foci of care (eg, home care/disease-specific care) as well as settings (eg, rural areas). Typically included outputs focused on the identification of services and did not conduct full evaluation
Stakeholders38Outputs reporting on issues specific to different stakeholders in palliative care, for example, physicians, nurses, patients, families etc. Commonly, included outputs focused on the ‘attitudes’ of these groups to specific issues
Symptom management7Outputs reporting on symptoms of palliative care patients (eg, cancer pain), symptom prevalence and management