Table 1

Differences in patient variables between those willing to engage in ACP and those not willing

VariableWilling to engage in ACP (N=36)Not willing to engage in ACP (N=57)p Value95% CI
Mean age76.3275.580.63−2.30 to 3.76
Education years7.126.200.43−3.24 to 1.40
MMSE score22.0020.880.11−2.51 to 0.26
GRAD score3.363.150.25−0.55 to 0.14
GCDR score0.660.810.030.014 to 0.29
Diagnosis type1.00
Marital status0.80
 Oriental religion1631
 Other religion24
  • Significant values are marked in bold.

  • For diagnosis type, data were available for 89 participants (96%). Dementia group consists of patients with Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia and mixed dementia.

  • For marital status, single consists of patients who are single, widowed and divorced.

  • For ethnicity, Non-Chinese consists of patients who are Malays, Indians, Eurasians and other ethnicity.

  • For religion, data were available only for 90 participants (98%). Oriental religion consists of patients who are Buddhists and Taoists. Christianity consists Christians and Catholics. Other religion consists Muslims and Hindus.

  • ACP, advanced care planning; GCDR, Global Clinical Dementia Rating; GRAD, Guidelines for the Rating of Awareness Deficits; MCI, mild cognitive impairment; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination.