Table 2

Summary of findings of common variables examined for their association with unmet needs

DemographicsPsychosocialIllnessHealth care context
StudiesOlderWomenHigh EducationEmployedNot the spouse/not living with patientLow social support/relation-ship satisfactionOther caring responsibilities or burdenCaregiver distress, anxiety or depressionPatient distress, anxiety or depressionQOLPatients' unmet needsTumour typeTime since diagnosis or treatmentStage of diseaseTreatmentCare settingInsurance
Buck & McMillan (35)
Buscemi et al. (46)
Chambers et al. (45)
Eriksson & Lauri (38)
Eriksson et al. (36)patient ↑
Fridriksdottir et al. (47)Palliative care ↓
Fridriksdottir et al. (41)
Girgis et al. (17)Physical
↑↔**
Hodgkinson et al. (22)Mental

Physical
Hodgkinson et al. (28)Physical

Mental
Hwang et al. (32)Perception ↑Satisfaction with care ↓
Iconomou et al. (37)
Janda et al. (14)
Kilpatrick et al. (43)
Kim et al. (23)↑↓**↑↔**↑↔**Physical**
↔↓
Mental**
↔↓
Mason (40)_ENREF_44
Mason (33)
Molassiotis et al. (31)
Nikoletti et al. (34)Nurse/medical staff source of information
Private ↑
Park et al. (21)Hospice care ↓
Ross et al. (29)
Salminen et al. (44)Rehab course
Soothill et al. (19)Caregiver health ↓Palliative ↑
Stafford et al. (30)
  • * = correlation findings reported;

  • ** relationship variable across time and/or domains of unmet needs; ↔, no significant relationship; ↑, positive significant relationship; ↓, negative significant relationship; empty cell, variable not tested