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Digital health and inpatient palliative care: a cohort-controlled study

Abstract

Objectives End of life has unacceptable levels of hospital admission and death. We aimed to determine the association of a novel digital specific system (Proactive Risk-Based and Data-Driven Assessment of Patients at the End of Life, PRADA) to modify such events.

Methods A cohort-controlled study of those discharged alive, who died within 90 days of discharge, comparing PRADA (n=114) with standard care (n=3730).

Results At 90 days, the PRADA group were more likely to die (78.9% vs 46.2%, p<0.001), had a shorter time to death (58±90 vs 178±186 days, p<0.001) but readmission (20.2% vs 37.9%, p<0.001) or death in hospital (4.4% vs 28.9%, p<0.001) was lower with reduced risk for a combined 90-day outcome of postdischarge non-elective admission or hospital death (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.27–0.74, p<0.001). Tightening criteria with 1:1 matching (n=83 vs 83) showed persistent significant findings in PRADA contact with markedly reduced adverse events (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.02–0.96, p<0.05).

Conclusions Being seen in hospital by a specialist palliative care team using the PRADA tool was associated with significantly improved postdischarge outcomes pertaining to those destined to die after discharge.

  • Service evaluation
  • Hospital care
  • Advance Care Planning
  • Clinical decisions
  • Methodological research
  • Prognosis

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