Objectives Patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) have a higher risk of falls than those receiving other therapies for haematological disorders. This study aimed to investigate the impact of pretransplant lower extremity muscle strength (LEMS) on post-transplant falls.
Methods In this retrospective cohort study, patients aged ≥18 years who underwent allo-HSCT were included. All data were extracted from medical records. LEMS was defined as the knee extension force measured by a handheld dynamometer divided by the patient’s weight. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the optimal LEMS cut-off value for prediction of falls. Patients were categorised into low and normal LEMS groups based on the cut-off value. The impact of pretransplant LEMS on post-transplant falls was analysed using a Cox proportional hazards model.
Results In total, 101 patients were analysed. During the observation period, falls occurred in 32 patients (31.7%). The ROC curve analysis results showed that the optimal LEMS cut-off value for prediction of falls was 45.4% per body weight. In multivariate analysis, pretransplant low LEMS was a significant predictor of falls in model 1 with patient characteristics as a confounding factor and model 2 with medications-inducing falls as a confounding factor, respectively (model 1: HR 3.23, 95% CI 1.37 to 7.64; model 2: HR 2.82, 95% CI 1.20 to 6.59).
Conclusions Pretransplant LEMS was a significant predictor of post-transplant falls. The results of this study may help to prevent falls in patients undergoing allo-HSCT.
- Haematological disease
- Hospital care
- Supportive care
Data availability statement
All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.
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Contributors SKo, TI and TS designed, analysed and interpreted the data, and wrote the manuscript. YK, AK, MN, RS, MT, MO, KS, TH, SF, SN, HM, KK, NS, RO, MA and SKa assisted with data collection and commented on the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. SKo is responsible for the overall content and accepts full responsibility for the work and/or the conduct of the study, had access to the data, and controlled the decision to publish.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.