Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a significant cause of mortality but little is known about the place of death for patients with PD in the USA, a key metric of end-of-life care.
Methodology A trend analysis was conducted for years 2003–2017 using aggregated death certificate data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging OnLine Data for Epidemiologic Research) database, with individual-level mortality data from the Mortality Multiple Cause-of-Death Public Use Record available between 2013 and 2017. All natural deaths for which PD was identified as an underlying cause of death were identified. Place of death was categorised as hospital, decedent home, hospice facility, nursing home/long-term care and other.
Results Between 2003 and 2017, 346141 deaths were attributed to PD (59% males, 93.7% White). Most deaths occurred in patients aged 75–84 years (43.9%), followed by those aged ≥85 years (40.9 %). Hospital and nursing home deaths decreased from 18% (n=3240) and 52.6% (n=9474) in 2003 to 9.2% (n=2949) and 42% (n=13 429) in 2017, respectively. Home deaths increased from 21.1% (n=3804) to 32.4% (n=10 347) and hospice facility deaths increased from 0.3% (n=47) in 2003 to 8.6% (n=2739) in 2017. Female sex, being married and college education were associated with increased odds of home deaths while Hispanic ethnicity and non-white race were associated with increased odds of hospital deaths.
Conclusion Home and hospice facility deaths are gradually increasing in patients with PD. Particular attention should be provided to vulnerable socioeconomic groups that continue to have higher rates of hospital deaths and decreased usage of hospice facilities.
- hospice care
- quality of life
- supportive care
- neurological conditions
Data availability statement
All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as online supplemental information.
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