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Image-guided placement of totally implanted vascular access device: retrospective analysis of the clinical outcomes and associated risk factors
  1. So Yeon Yoon,
  2. Gyeong Sik Jeon and
  3. Sanghoon Jung
  1. Department of Radiology, Bundang CHA Medical Center, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (the Republic of)
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sanghoon Jung, Department of Radiology, Bundang CHA Medical Center, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (the Republic of); duggui32{at}


Objectives To determine risk factors for catheter survival and complications after image-guided implantation of a totally implanted vascular access device (TIVAD).

Methods A total of 2883 TIVADs (2735 patients, 63.5±13 years old, 1060 men, 1675 women) implanted under guidance by ultrasound and fluoroscopy in our institution from January 2010 to December 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. We used the log rank test and logistic regression to analyse risk factors associated with catheter survival and complications.

Results Female patients (n=1778; 61.7%; mean catheter survival days: 780.6 days) and those with a haematological malignancy (n=277; 10.1%; mean catheter survival days: 1019 days) had significantly better catheter survival than male patients (n=1105; 38.3%; mean catheter survival days: 645.9 days) and those with a solid organ malignancy (n=2447; 89.5%; mean catheter survival days: 701 days) (p<0.001 and p=0.003). Patients with haematological malignancies and benign vascular inflammatory disease (n=11; 0.4%) were vulnerable to infection (n=96; 3.3%) (p<0.001 and p=0.004). Thrombotic malfunction (n=38; 1.3%) was significantly more common in females than males (p=0.005). Non-thrombotic malfunction (n=16; 0.6%) showed a significant association with left positioning of the TIVAD (n=410; 14.2%) (p=0.043). Wound dehiscence (n=3; 0.1%) was significantly more frequent in punctured veins other (n=23; 0.8%) than the internal jugular vein (p<0.001).

Conclusions Increased attention should be paid to patients with an underlying haematological malignancy, underlying vascular inflammatory disease, female patients, older patients, those accessed via a vein other than the IJV, those with left positioning of the TIVAD system or those with a prolonged TIVAD maintenance.

  • clinical assessment
  • supportive care

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  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.