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http://www.palliativedrugs.com has provided essential independent information about drugs used in palliative and hospice care for over a decade. It contains the on-line Palliative Care Formulary (PCF), and provides free access to a Bulletin Board to stimulate questions and share experiences; a Document Library containing 450 items of useful information, and a Syringe Driver Survey Database containing details of over 2350 different drug combinations. Territory-specific book versions (the UK Palliative Care Formulary fourth edition, Hospice and Palliative Care Formulary USA, second edition, and Palliative Care Formulary Canadian edition) can also be purchased via the website. This feature provides a selection of items which have featured in the News and Latest Additions sections in recent months; for additional information please register for free on the website.
NPSA signal on prevention of harm with buccal midazolam
The UK National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) has highlighted the potential for dosing and wrong route errors to occur when administering buccal midazolam. Between 2008 and 2011, 132 medication incidents were reported; three were associated with severe harm and five with moderate harm. NPSA highlights the risk of a dosing error caused by transferring from unlicensed buccal midazolam 10 mg/ml formulations to licensed buccal midazolam 5 mg/ml (Buccolam; Viropharma, Maidenhead, Berkshire, UK), which has also been addressed by the Medicines Healthcare Regulatory Agency (MHRA). It also highlights the risk of using a syringe with a ‘Luer’ connector which could be inadvertently administered via the intravenous route. One manufacturer of an unlicensed buccal midazolam 10 mg/ml formulation (Epistatus; Special Products, Weybridge, Surrey, UK) is currently changing their oral syringes to non-Luer tips. NPSA gives several recommendations to minimize these risks, including:
▶ Using licensed drugs where possible
▶ Developing a detailed written protocol for the use of buccal midazolam and a Trust policy for unlicensed drugs
▶ Ensuring that the dose is always prescribed in milligram …
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