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P-40 Attitudes towards lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) families: survey methodology
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  1. Catrin Evans1,2
  1. 1Open University, London, UK
  2. 2Volunteer, Young Adults’ Group, St Christopher’s Hospice, London, UK

Abstract

Background Families and patients accessing hospice care in the UK are diverse. LGBT families are now possible following social change, blended families, and medical advancements. Herek’s (1984) Attitudes towards Lesbians and Gay Men was an influential survey. Existing studies are predominantly qualitative. Survey research by Frias-Navarro et al. (2009) and Habarth (2015) shaped the literature, giving rationale for this study.

Research question Do homophobic, traditional, and authoritarian views and beliefs predict attitudes towards LGBT families? The two-part hypothesis was; Humans with (i) prejudiced authoritarian, heteronormative views and (ii) traditional viewpoints relating to gender, will not view LGBT families positively.

Method This survey methodology drew on three established scales by Herek (1984), Habarth (2015), and Frias-Navarro et al. (2009). After piloting, participants were recruited through Open University colleagues, social media, professional and personal networks. 104 adult participants were recruited aged between 20 and 76. Multiple regression analysis took place.

Results Results supported the two-part hypothesis.

Humans who held i) prejudiced, authoritarian, heteronormative, and ii) gender-traditional views, will not view LGBT families positively. The proportion of variance that can be explained by the model is R2=0.82. The results indicated that the model was a significant predictor F(2,95)=101.1, p=0.001 Both predictor variables contributed significants (p=0.01) β1=0.225 β2=0.237.

Conclusion The results link with existing literature. While Herek’s (1984) research was situated in the 1980s HIV/AIDS crisis, its findings of traditional LGBT prejudice are still relevant. Habarth (2015) finding subtler heteronormativity is also important. Awareness of this may have relevance for hospice care in terms of how we approach diverse families and care for those who self-identify as LGBT. There has been limited research in the UK to date. Scope for future research includes mixed method design and sampling a wider-ranging gender and sexual diversity.

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