Introduction Constipation is one of the most common symptoms in patients in specialist palliative care (SPC) settings and can cause considerable physical psychological and social suffering for the patient and their family. Due to the high variability in constipation assessment and management in SPC settings questions exist around how to implement an educational program in practice to address this clinical gap.
Aim To develop and test the feasibility and acceptability of a novel educational intervention for HCPs to manage constipation experienced by people in SPC settings.
Method Using the MRC framework for complex interventions and guided by the consolidated framework for implementation research an online resource was developed considering the content context and processes for implementation.
Results Assessment prevention and management were identified as the core aspects. Six sessions with theoretical content application to practice and reflection through interacting with colleagues were developed in line with the best available evidence. Incentives including an educational bursary and alignment with revalidation and support from senior management champions and the research team were identified as key elements needed successful implementation. Funding IT infrastructure and attitudes to the content have been flagged as potential barriers to success.
Conclusion A six week blended program covering the key concepts for assessment and management of constipation in palliative care has been created. Content evidence from the literature and empirical data on the preferred structure and method of delivery as well as key considerations of the contextual factors have been identified as key factors for implementation.
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