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P-119 Use of BACLOFEN in a continuous subcutaneous infusion
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  • Published on:
    • Sunitha M Daniel, Assistant Professor,Pain and palliative Medicine Amrita University
    • Other Contributors:
      • KEVIN T KOSHY, Pharm D, Dept of pharmacy practice, Amrita School of Pharmacy, Kochi, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India

    Hiccups, also known as singultus, is an involuntary spastic contraction of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles that leads to inspiration of air, followed by abrupt glottic closure.1 They can be classified based on duration: bouts (up to 48 hours); persistent (48 hours to 1 month); intractable (more than 1 month) and recurrent.2 Through its constant interruptive nature hiccups can have serious consequences, including dehydration, fatigue, insomnia, lower quality of life, malnutrition, psychological stress, and weight loss.1
    The cause can be peripheral or central. Peripheral causes are from irritation to the phrenic or vagus nerve. Central causes can be divided into neurological, like cerebrovascular accident, brain trauma, intracranial tumor, non-neurological conditions (e.g., infections), multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s syndrome.3 In our case the exact reason for hiccups was unknown but most likely brain metastasis.
    A 47-year-old gentleman with stage IV non-small cell carcinoma of lung, with progressive lung and bone metastasis, was admitted with worsening hiccups, pain, and vomiting. He was initially started on metoclopramide 40mg IV over 24 hours; dose was increased to 60mg with no benefit and later oral baclofen added (10mg three times a day).4 The hiccups responded to baclofen but his sensorium deteriorated likely due to disease progression. He was unable to take oral medications or tolerate nasogastric tube insertion. Since baclofen is available only...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.