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An exploration of the word ‘palliative’ in the 19th century: searching the BMJ archives for clues
  1. Mark Taubert1,2,
  2. Helen Fielding1,
  3. Emma Mathews3 and
  4. Ricky Frazer2
  1. 1Department of Palliative Medicine, Marie Curie Hospice Cardiff and Vale, Bridgeman Road, Penarth, UK
  2. 2Department of Oncology, Velindre Hospital NHS Trust, Cardiff, UK
  3. 3Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mark Taubert, Department of Palliative Medicine, Marie Curie Hospice Cardiff and Vale, Penarth, CF64 3YR, UK; mtaubert{at}


Background Palliative care went through a significant evolution in the 20th century, but the 19th century has been seen my some scholars as the real turning point toward the more modern concept of hospices and palliative care.

Methods To investigate some examples of earlier uses of the word ‘palliative’, a literature search was conducted within the earliest available BMJ archive sections, the years 1840 to 1842. This provided a glimpse into how the word was used in the medical literature in Victorian times, mid-nineteenth century.

Results Search results brought up a number of case reports, and the word was employed to describe medicines (‘use of palliatives’) as well as passive, non-active treatment approaches, probably best described as a watch-and-wait strategy. Of note is that the first recorded use of the word in the archives is by a surgeon.

Conclusions Some doctors associated the word palliative with there not being any prospect for cure and only for the relief of symptoms and greater comfort of the patient. There were, however, early reflections on whether palliative treatments may in some cases increase the length of patients’ lives.

  • Bereavement
  • Cancer
  • Cultural issues
  • Terminal care

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