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82 Anticipatory prescribing in community end of life care in the UK: a mixed-methods study of healthcare professionals’ views concerning best practice and areas in need of improvement
  1. Richella Ryan,
  2. Anna Spathis,
  3. Ben Bowers,
  4. Mila Petrova,
  5. Sarah Hopkins,
  6. Tessa Morgan,
  7. Markus Schichtel,
  8. Brooke Swash,
  9. Louisa Polak,
  10. Arjun Kingdon and
  11. Stephen Barclay
  1. University of Cambridge


Introduction Anticipatory prescribing (AP), the supply of injectable medication to a patient in advance of need, is well-established practice in the UK although there is currently limited evidence and guidance to support best practice. With a view to developing guidance, we explored the views of UK healthcare professionals (HCPs) about best practice and areas in need of improvement in AP.

Methods Two day workshops were held in London and Cambridge, attended by 89 delegates. Participants completed an initial survey and then participated in two focus groups at the end of which they wrote down 3 ‘top-tips’ for:

  1. achieving best practice and

  2. areas in need of improvement concerning AP. Analysis involved descriptive statistics of survey responses and thematic analysis of free–text ‘top–tips’.

Results 71/89 (80%) of participants completed the survey: 25 (35%) palliative care nurses, 24 (33%) palliative medicine consultants, 22 (30%) ‘other’ (GPs, community nurses, pharmacists). 76% had >10 years of experience and 75% were involved in AP a few times each week. On a rating scale of 1–5 (1=low, 5=high), 38% were confident (rating 4) that AP is done well [median: 3(IQR: 3–4)] and 20% were concerned (rating 4) about unsafe practice in AP [median=3 (IQR: 2–3)]. 89% agreed (score 4) that more guidance is needed to support AP [median=4 (IQR: 4–5)]. Top-tips for improving AP were: 1) improving communication with patients and families and between HCPs, 2) increasing out-of-hours access to medications, 3) supporting staff with training, education and guidance, and 4) reducing cross-system complexity by unifying documents and IT systems.

Conclusions There is a high demand amongst HCPs for unified guidance and documentation to support AP. A national guideline development group is being formed in response to this and at the request of NHS England. In-depth analysis of focus group transcripts is underway.

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