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Does place of death vary by deprivation for patients known to specialist palliative care services?
  1. Michael Macfarlane and
  2. Emma Carduff
  1. Marie Curie Hospice, Glasgow, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Michael Macfarlane, Marie Curie Hospice, Balornock Road, Glasgow G12 0TE, UK; mike.macfarlane{at}nhs.net

Abstract

Objectives Referral to, and usage of, specialist palliative care (SPC) services are not equitable and social deprivation may be a contributory factor in this. Deprivation may also affect the place of death of patients with cancer. No study, however, has investigated whether inequalities persist following referral to SPC services. This study investigates whether place of death varies by deprivation for patients known to SPC services.

Methods Place of death and postcode were obtained for 485 consecutive patients known to SPC services within NHS Lothian who died in 2014–2015. From this information, deprivation quintile (DQ) was derived using the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) database and place of death compared between DQs and analysed statistically.

Results Across all DQs, patients known to SPC services were more likely to die in the hospice than at home or in hospital. There was, however, a small but statistically significant difference in the ratio of hospital deaths compared to hospice deaths between the DQs, with higher death rates in hospital for the most deprived compared to the least deprived and higher death rates in the hospice for the least deprived compared to the most deprived.

Conclusions This study suggests that even after referral to specialist palliative care services variation in place of death by deprivation persists. Greater deprivation is associated with increased likelihood of dying in hospital and decreased likelihood of dying in a hospice, although no difference was noted for home deaths.

  • Home care
  • Hospice care
  • Hospital care
  • Service evaluation
  • Terminal care
  • Received 5 January 2016.
  • Revision received 26 July 2016.
  • Accepted 8 November 2016.

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  • Received 5 January 2016.
  • Revision received 26 July 2016.
  • Accepted 8 November 2016.
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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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