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Experiences and reflections of patients with motor neuron disease on breaking the news in a two-tiered appointment: a qualitative study
  1. Antje A Seeber1,2,
  2. A Jeannette Pols2,
  3. Albert Hijdra1,
  4. Hepke F Grupstra3,
  5. Dick L Willems2 and
  6. Marianne de Visser1
  1. 1Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Section of Medical Ethics, Department of General Practice, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  3. 3Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Antje A Seeber, Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Centre, P.O. Box 22660, Amsterdam 1100 DD, The Netherlands; a.a.seeber{at}amc.uva.nl

Abstract

Background Breaking bad news should be fine-tuned to the individual patient, contain intelligible information, include emotional support and offer a tailor-made treatment plan. To achieve this goal in motor neuron disease (MND), neurologists of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) centre Amsterdam deliver the message on 2 separate visits within 14 days.

Aim To evaluate how patients with MND react to and view disclosure of the diagnosis, in this 2-tiered approach.

Methods Non-participating observations and in-depth interviews with patients were conducted in 1 tertiary ALS referral centre. Qualitative analysis consisted of inductive analysis of observation reports and verbatim typed out interviews.

Results 10 2-tiered appointments were observed and 21 Dutch patients with MND interviewed. They experienced the straightforward message to be suffering from a fatal disease as devastating, yet unavoidable. The prospect of a short-term second appointment offered structure for the period immediately following the diagnosis. The time between appointments provided the opportunity for a first reorientation on their changed perspective on their life. The second appointment allowed for detailed discussions about various aspects of MND and a tailor-made treatment plan.

Conclusions The 2-tiered approach fits well with the way in which Dutch patients with MND process the disclosure of their diagnosis, gather information and handle the changed perspective on their life. It may serve as a model for other life-limiting diseases.

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  • Received 2 August 2015.
  • Revision received 4 December 2015.
  • Accepted 10 January 2016.
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