Article Text

other Versions

PDF

Quality of advance care planning policy and practice in residential aged care facilities in Australia
  1. William Silvester1,
  2. Rachael S Fullam1,
  3. Ruth A Parslow2,
  4. Virginia J Lewis2,
  5. Rebekah Sjanta1,
  6. Lynne Jackson1,
  7. Vanessa White2 and
  8. Jane Gilchrist1
  1. 1Respecting Patient Choices, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
  2. 2Australian Institute for Primary Care and Ageing, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Rachael S Fullam, Respecting Patient Choices, Austin Hospital, PO Box 5555, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia; rachael.fullam{at}austin.org.au

Abstract

Objectives To assess existing advance care planning (ACP) practices in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) in Victoria, Australia before a systematic intervention; to assess RACF staff experience, understanding of and attitudes towards ACP.

Design Surveys of participating organisations concerning ACP-related policies and procedures, review of existing ACP-related documentation, and pre-intervention survey of RACF staff covering their role, experiences and attitudes towards ACP-related procedures.

Setting 19 selected RACFs in Victoria.

Participants 12 aged care organisations (representing 19 RACFs) who provided existing ACP-related documentation for review, 12 RACFs who completed an organisational survey and 45 staff (from 19 RACFs) who completed a pre-intervention survey of knowledge, attitudes and behaviour.

Results Findings suggested that some ACP-related practices were already occurring in RACFs; however, these activities were inconsistent and variable in quality. Six of the 12 responding RACFs had written policies and procedures for ACP; however, none of the ACP-related documents submitted covered all information required to meet ACP best practice. Surveyed staff had limited experience of ACP, and discrepancies between self reported comfort, and levels of knowledge and confidence to undertake ACP-related activities, indicated a need for training and ongoing organisational support.

Conclusions Surveyed organisations' policies and procedures related to ACP were limited and the quality of existing documentation was poor. RACF staff had relatively limited experience in developing advance care plans with facility residents, although attitudes were positive. A systematic approach to the implementation of ACP in residential aged care settings is required to ensure best practice is implemented and sustained.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

  • Supplementary Data

    This web only file has been produced by the BMJ Publishing Group from an electronic file supplied by the author(s) and has not been edited for content.

    Files in this Data Supplement:

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.